0091 Cutting Efficiency of Dental Burs - A Pilot Study
A. ABDUL AZIZ, N.H. ABU KASIM, M.Y.P. MOHAMAD YUSOF, and M. PAIIZI, Department of Conservative Dentistry, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Objectives: This study aim to evaluate the cutting efficiency of tungsten carbide burs (TC) and rotary diamond instruments by measuring their rake angle and visual examination of their cutting surfaces respectively, using scanning electron microscopy (SEM).

Materials and Method: 60 short and long head pear-shaped TC and 18 round rotary diamond instruments that had been used to prepare < than 5, > than 5 and > than 10 cavities were selected from the 3rd & 4th year dental students, Dental Faculty, University of Malaya. 12 cylindrical and flame rotary diamond instruments were also selected from the 5th year students. The rake angle of TC was measured and surfaces of diamond instruments were evaluated using Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM). Each test group comprised of 10 samples and new burs constituted the control group. The data were analysed descriptively and statistically using Two-way ANOVA, SPSS version 12.

Results: The rake angles of control, < than 5 and > than 5 groups were significantly higher compared to > than 10 groups, p< .05. Rotary diamond instruments used to prepare < than 5 cavities showed intact diamond particles with distinct cutting facets comparable to control group. Instruments used to prepare > than 10 teeth showed blunt and dislodged diamond particles.

Conclusions: The rake angle of TC is significantly lower and diamond instruments showed blunt diamond particles after cutting > than 10 preparations.

Seq #10 - Poster Presentation
11:00 AM-12:30 PM, Friday, October 10, 2008

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