|0789 Self-Esteem and QoL During First Six Months of Orthodontic Treatment|
A. VANDENHEUVEL1, D. BURDEN2, D. FIELD1, E. GILMORE2, B. GREINER1, O. HUNT2, C. JOHNSTON2, M. KINIRONS1, P. MCDERMOTT1, and D.T. MILLETT1, 1National University of Ireland - Cork, Ireland, 2Queen's University of Belfast, United Kingdom|
Objectives: This study aimed to: 1) assess the relationship between social class, age and gender and orthodontic patients' reasons for seeking treatment and subjective treatment need and 2) measure the impact of orthodontic treatment on patients' self-esteem and quality of life at three discrete intervals: the beginning of treatment, three months and six months into treatment.
Methods: A longitudinal study design was used. Sample group participants (n=224) were between 11 and 18 years old. Convenience sampling was used to recruit consecutive orthodontic patients as they entered treatment. Baseline data on a range of psycho-social variables were collected immediately before treatment commenced. Participants completed two self-administered instruments - the Self-Esteem Index (SEI) and Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory (PedQOL)- at the beginning of treatment, at three months and at six months into treatment.
Results: Chi-square analysis found no statistically significant association between social class and reason for seeking treatment (P=0.249). A statistically significant association was found between age (over 16 years old) and outcome expectation (belief that having straight teeth would make a positive difference) (P=0.016) and gender (female) and outcome expectation (P=0.017). Mean SEI scores were higher than normative scores at each administration. Mean PedQOL scores were in the upper quartile at each administration. There were no statistically significant differences in SEI and PedQOL scores across administration of each instrument.
Conclusion: Female patients over 16 years old were significantly more likely to believe they would benefit from orthodontic treatment than females under 16 or males of any age. Sample group participants achieved above average scores on the SEI and PedQOL immediately before, three months and six months into orthodontic treatment.
* This study reports the initial findings in an ongoing project funded by the Irish Higher Education Authority North-South Research Programme (Number 3921)
|Seq #91 - Oral Health Research, Quality of Life, Nutrition, Behaviour, Endodontics, Oral Health Status|
11:00 AM-1:00 PM, Saturday, 16 September 2006 Trinity College Dublin UiChadhain