Special Fonts and Characters

Copy what you need (see instructions below),
then close this browser window
(or click directly on the previous browser window)
and paste your selection into place.

To Display Certain Characters
In This Format
Copy and Paste This
HTML Tag Pair into the Title
And Insert the Characters
In the Middle of the Pair,
As Shown
superscript <sup></sup> 10<sup>6</sup>
will appear as
subscript <sub></sub> CO<sub>2</sub>
will appear as
italics <i></i> <i>Cryptosporidium</i>
will appear as
bold <b></b> <b>Stop!</b>
will appear as
(will not display properly in all browsers>
<small></small> K<small>A</small>
will appear as

These symbols can be copied and pasted directly into the submission form
à á â ä ã å
è é ê ë æ ç
ì í î ï ý ÿ
ò ó ô ö ñ Ð
Ò Ó Ô Ö Ñ ®
ù ú û ð ß ©
Ù Ú Û ü µ
þ Þ ± Ü °
§ ¥ £

Please use standard English letters in place of these characters
Instead of ThisUse This Instead of ThisUse This
ğ ()g ĞG
łl ŁL
şs ŞS
s S

Greek letters and other special characters can be found below
To show this: Α Β Γ Δ Ε Ζ Η
copy-and-paste: &Alpha; &Beta; &Gamma; &Delta; &Epsilon; &Zeta; &Eta;
To show this: Θ Ι Κ Λ Μ Ν Ξ
copy-and-paste: &Theta; &Iota; &Kappa; &Lambda; &Mu; &Nu; &Xi;
To show this: Ο Π Ρ Σ Τ Υ Φ
copy-and-paste: &Omicron; &Pi; &Rho; &Sigma; &Tau; &Upsilon; &Phi;
To show this: Χ Ψ Ω
copy-and-paste: &Chi; &Psi; &Omega;
To show this: α β γ δ ε ζ η
copy-and-paste: &alpha; &beta; &gamma; &delta; &epsilon; &zeta; &eta;
To show this: θ ι κ λ μ ν ξ
copy-and-paste: &theta; &iota; &kappa; &lambda; &mu; &nu; &xi;
To show this: ο π ρ ς σ τ υ
copy-and-paste: &omicron; &pi; &rho; &sigmaf; &sigma; &tau; &upsilon;
To show this: φ χ ψ ω
copy-and-paste: &phi; &chi; &psi; &omega;
To show this:
copy-and-paste: &bull; &hellip; &prime; &Prime; &trade; &infin;
To show this:
copy-and-paste: &larr; &rarr; &uarr; &darr; &harr; &loz;
To show this:
copy-and-paste: &radic; &int; &prod; &sum; &minus; &part;
To show this: ±
copy-and-paste: &equiv; &le; &ge; &asymp; &ne; &plusmn;

If your web browser is not displaying the Greek letter or other special character that you need above,
the following substitutions might be useful to you.

To Show ThisCopy and Paste This Code_ To Show ThisCopy and Paste This Code
<&lt; >&gt;
a<font face="symbol">a</font> b<font face="symbol">b</font>
c<font face="symbol">c</font> d<font face="symbol">d</font>
e<font face="symbol">e</font> f<font face="symbol">f</font>
g<font face="symbol">g</font> h<font face="symbol">h</font>
i<font face="symbol">i</font> j<font face="symbol">j</font>
k<font face="symbol">k</font> l<font face="symbol">l</font>
m<font face="symbol">m</font> n<font face="symbol">n</font>
o<font face="symbol">o</font> p<font face="symbol">p</font>
q<font face="symbol">q</font> r<font face="symbol">r</font>
s<font face="symbol">s</font> t<font face="symbol">t</font>
u<font face="symbol">u</font> v<font face="symbol">v</font>
w<font face="symbol">w</font> x<font face="symbol">x</font>
y<font face="symbol">y</font> z<font face="symbol">z</font>
C<font face="symbol">C</font> D<font face="symbol">D</font>
F<font face="symbol">F</font> G<font face="symbol">G</font>
J<font face="symbol">J</font> L<font face="symbol">L</font>
P<font face="symbol">P</font> Q<font face="symbol">Q</font>
S<font face="symbol">S</font> V<font face="symbol">V</font>
W<font face="symbol">W</font> X<font face="symbol">X</font>
Y<font face="symbol">Y</font> Z<font face="symbol">Z</font>
£<font face="symbol">&pound;</font> ³<font face="Symbol">&sup3;</font>
»<font face="symbol">&#187;</font> µ<font face="Symbol">&#181;</font>
<font face="symbol"></font> <font face="Symbol">;</font>
¥<font face="symbol">&yen;</font> @<font face="Symbol">@</font>
¬<font face="symbol">&not;</font> ®<font face="Symbol">&reg;</font>
­<font face="symbol">&shy;</font> ¯<font face="Symbol">&macr;</font>
·<font face="symbol">&#183;</font> «<font face="Symbol">&laquo;</font>
¢<font face="symbol">&cent;</font> ²<font face="Symbol">&sup2;</font>

How to copy and paste special characters or format codes from this page into a submission

  1. Highlight the character or format code with your mouse.
  2. Select "Copy" from you browser's Edit menu, or hit Ctrl-C on your keyboard in Windows (Apple-C on a Macintosh).
  3. Close this browser window to return to the abstract submittal form (or click directly on that previous browser window.)
  4. Position your cursor where you want to paste the character.
  5. Select "Paste" from your browser's Edit menu, or hit Ctrl-V on your keyboard in Windows (Apple-V on a Macintosh).

If you do not see Greek symbols in the table above

  • Get the solution to the symbol problem.
  • Or see the cure and explanation of the symbol problem.

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